Integers ( ): Positive and negative counting numbers, as well as zero: {., -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, .}. Rational numbers ( ): Numbers that can be expressed as a ratio of an integer to a non-zero integer. All integers are rational, but the converse is not true. A number is a mathematical object used to count, measure and also label. The original . Nonetheless tallying systems are considered the first kind of abstract . Whole Numbers. {0, 1, 2, 3, 4…} These include the natural (counting) numbers, but they also include zero. They don't include negatives or fractions, but they can describe how many cows are in a field as well as how many cows remain after they all leave. Feb 12, 2015 - I don't understand how these statements work. Is the word 'kind' a keyword? Also how does putting the word 'number' in quotes check to see if . Jan 8, 2016 - If the kind is 'number', convert answer to an integer u. def parse_answer(answer, kind='string') end. Theres alot of problems im having here. I see a lot of responses on these threads about the nature of Reconciliation, that it should be just the kind of sins and the number of times . A number isn't a thing out there; there isn't any place that it is, or any thing that it is . This kind of reality has been excluded from metaphysics and ontology, even . The signed Stirling numbers of the first kind are variously denoted s(n,m) (Riordan 1980, Roman 1984), S_n^((m)) (Fort 1948, Abramowitz and Stegun 1972), . StirlingS2[n, m] gives the Stirling number of the second kind [ScriptCapitalS]_n^(m).